Adoption is a legal process which transfers the rights and responsibilities of one or both biological parents to an adoptive parent. For an adoption to occur, the rights of one or both of the biological parents must have been terminated.

Adoption applies generally to a child under the age of 18. The child must be residing in the state at the time the Petition for Adoption is filed. Any adult resident of the state, whether married, unmarried, or legally separated, is eligible to adopt children. A husband and wife may jointly adopt children. The typical case involves a step-parent who wishes to adopt their step-child(ren).